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FTC Releases Annual Summary of Consumer Complaints
Wednesday, March 2, 2016 6:40 AM

Debt Collection, Identity Theft, and Imposter Scams Remain Top Categories of Complaints Received by FTC in 2015

Debt collection, identity theft and imposter scams were the most common categories of consumer complaints received by the Federal Trade Commission’s Consumer Sentinel Network in 2015, according to the agency’s new data book.

While debt collection complaints rose to the top spot among complaint categories, the report notes that this was due in large part to a surge in complaints contributed by a data contributor who collects complaints via a mobile app. This change caused a spike in complaints related to unwanted debt collection mobile phone calls.

Identity theft complaints were the second most reported, increasing more than 47 percent from 2014 on the back of a massive jump in complaints about tax identity theft from consumers. Identity theft complaints had been the top category for the previous 15 years. Imposter scams, in which scammers impersonate someone else to commit fraud, remained the third-most common complaint in 2015.

“We recognize that identity theft and unlawful debt collection practices continue to cause significant harm to many consumers,” said Jessica Rich, director of the FTC’s Bureau of Consumer Protection. “Steps like the recent upgrade to and our leadership of a nationwide initiative to combat unlawful debt collection practices are critical to our ongoing work to protect consumers from these harms."

In January 2016, the FTC announced the new version of, which now allows consumers the ability to create a personalized identity theft recovery plan.

Throughout 2015, the FTC ramped up enforcement  against companies violating laws protecting consumers from illegal debt collection practices. The agency coordinated the first federal-state-local initiative (Operation Collection Protection) to combat the problem, leading 70 partners to bring more than 130 actions. In 2015, the FTC also directly filed 12 actions against 52 defendants for illegal debt collection practices, permanently banned 30 companies and individuals from the industry and obtained nearly $94 million in judgments against debt collectors.

The Consumer Sentinel Network data book is produced annually using complaints received by the FTC’s Consumer Sentinel Network. That includes not only complaints made directly by consumers to the FTC, but also complaints received by state and federal law enforcement agencies, national consumer protection organizations, and non-governmental organizations.

The data book includes both national statistics as well as a state-by-state listing of top complaint categories in each state and a listing of states and metropolitan areas that generated the most complaints per capita.

In 2015, the network collected 3,083,379 total consumer complaints. Florida, Georgia, and Michigan were the top three states for fraud and other complaints, while Missouri, Connecticut, and Florida were the top three states for identity theft complaints.

The complaint categories making up the top 10 are:




Debt Collection


29 percent

Identity Theft   


16 percent

Imposter Scams 


11 percent

Telephone and Mobile Services 


9 percent

Prizes, Sweepstakes and Lotteries


5 percent

Banks and Lenders  


4 percent

Shop-At-Home and Catalog Sales 


3 percent

Auto-Related Complaints  


3 percent

Television and Electronic Media 


2 percent

Credit Bureaus, Information Furnishers, and Report Users


1 percent

The Consumer Sentinel Network’s secure online database is available to more than 2,000 civil and criminal law enforcement agencies across the country and abroad. Agencies use the data to research cases, identify victims, and track possible targets. While non-governmental organizations may contribute data to Consumer Sentinel, only law enforcement agencies can access the database.          

The Federal Trade Commission works to promote competition, and protect and educate consumers. You can learn more about consumer topics by calling 877-382-4357.